Collectively buying a share for the deceased

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Question:

Few brothers are already taking their Wajib Qurbaani. They want put some money together and buy a share on behalf of their deceased father as isaal-e-Sawaab. Is it permissible to do so?

Answer:

In the Name of Allah, the Most Gracious, the Most Merciful.

As-Salāmu ‘Alaykum Wa-Rahmatullāhi Wa-Barakātuh.

One of the principles for the validity of Qurbaani is that the person making the Qurbaani should be the Maalik (owner) of a full share (either a goat/sheep or one seventh of an ox/cow).[1] In the event where one’s share is less than 1/7, the Qurbaani is not valid.

In the above-mentioned situation, if the brothers collectively purchase a share, the Qurbaani will not be valid.

However, one brother may independently buy the share and make the Qurbaani on his parent’s behalf. Alternately, the brothers may choose a person from amongst them and gift him the money to buy a share on behalf of the deceased father. The Qurbaani will then be considered valid, and the person who performed it will be the owner of the meat.

From Allah’s mercy, it is hoped that the brothers will be rewarded.

 And Allah Ta’ala Knows Best.

Muhammud Luqman Moideen

Student Darul Iftaa
Mauritius

Checked and Approved by,
Mufti Muhammad Zakariyya Desai.

Collectively buying a share for the deceased