Inheritance of siblings

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Question:

Assalamalaykum Mufti, hope you are doing well.

If a lady passes away with no husband & children but had a house that was sold after her passing by her siblings, how will the property be divided among the remaining siblings. In this case there are 2 sisters and four brothers.

There is some confusion on whether it is divided equally or not.

JazakAllah khayr in advance

Answer:

In the Name of Allah, the Most Gracious, the Most Merciful.

As-Salāmu ‘Alaykum Wa-Rahmatullāhi Wa-Barakātuh.

According to the Islamic laws of inheritance, distribution of an estate will only commence once funeral expenses, debts, and bequests made to non-heirs (from 1/3 of the remaining estate after funeral expenses and debts) are settled in that order.[1]

Thereafter, all remaining assets will make up the net estate. Based on the information provided, the estate will be divided into 10 equal shares and will be distributed as follows:

Beneficiaries # Of Shares Percentage
Brother 2 20%
Brother 2 20%
Brother 2 20%
Brother 2 20%
Sister 1 10%
Sister 1 10%
Total 10 100%

 

And Allah Ta’ala Knows Best.

Adil Sadique

Student – Darul Iftaa
New York, USA

Checked and Approved by,
Mufti Muhammad Zakariyya Desai.

[1] «السراجي في الميراث، المكتبة البشرى» (ص 8-5):

قال علماؤنا رحمهم الله: تتعلق بتركة الميت حقوق أربعة مرتبة: الأول: يبدأ بتكفينه وتجهيزه من غير تبذير ولا تقتير، ثم تقضى ديونه من جميع ماله، ثم تنفذ وصاياه من ثلث ما بقي بعد الدين، ثم يقسم الباقي بين ورثته بالكتاب والسنة وإجماع الأمة.

«فتاویٰ محمودیہ، مکتبہ محمودیہ»  (30/  30 -29):

ترکۂ میت میں چار قسم کے حق ہیں  -اول خود میت کا حق ہے وہ یہ کہ اس کی تجہیز و تکفین متوسط طریقہ پر کی جائے…دوسرا حق قرض خواہوں کا ہے …تیسرا حق موصی لہ کا ہے …چوتھا حق ورثہ کا ہے